Ferrous Ferrous metals include cast iron, steel, and the various steel alloys, The only difference between iron and steel is the carbon content. Cast iron contains more than 2-percent carbon, while steel contains less than 2 percent. An alloy is a substance composed of two or more elements. Therefore, all steels are Non-ferrous metals are produced significantly less than ferrous metals. The ratio of world iron production to the production of all other metals is 20:1. The lesser production of non-ferrous metals is due to the very low distribution of most of them and the complexity of their production.
Ferrous iron reacts exothermically with compounds have active hydrogen atoms (such as acids and water) to form flammable hydrogen gas and caustic products. The reactions are less vigorous that the similar reactions of alkali metals, but the released heat can still ignite the released hydrogen. ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is a list of non-ferrous metals that are mostly used in industries. Non-Ferrous Metal # 1. Nickel: Uses of Nickel: (i) For manufacturing chromium-nickel stainless steels and nickel-chromium molybdenum steels. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) For electroplating on base metals. It is used as an under plating before chromium plating to give protection against corrosion. (iii) […] Aluminum Cans. Aluminum Cast. Aluminum Extrusion. Aluminum (Copper) Radiators. Aluminum Wheels. Aluminum Domestic (Mixed) Batteries. Brass. Catalytic Convertors.